Characteristics of electronic invoicing in Romania

The Romanian Ministry of Finance has published a Draft Bill calling for the mandatory issuance and reporting of electronic invoices through the RO e-Factura system as of January 1, 2024, although a grace period of three months (January 1, 2024 - March 31, 2024) has been defined for companies that fail to comply with the regulation.

The central platform RO e-Factura has been available since November 2021 both for invoice exchange with public administrations (B2G) and between private companies (B2B).  

Tax Authority

Tax Authority

Agentia Nationala de Administrare Fiscala (ANAF)

Fiscal control

Fiscal control

The Ministry of Finance applies its electronic signature after validating each invoice.

Mandatory

Mandatory

The implementation of electronic invoicing between companies is expected to be mandatory for all companies as of January 2024 (pending confirmation by the Romanian authorities).

However, e-Invoicing is mandatory as of July 1, 2022, for products that are considered high tax risk. The product categories are as follows: fruit and vegetables, alcoholic beverages, new construction, mineral products, clothing, and footwear. 

At the B2G level, electronic invoicing is mandatory with all public administrations in the country as of July 1, 2022.
 

Administrative procedures required

Administrative procedures required

Currently, to use the RO e-Invoice platform, both the issuer and the recipient of the invoices must be registered in it. Taxpayers with the obligation to process their invoices in RO E-Factura will have to use the system regardless of whether the recipients (receivers) are registered.

Invoice format

Invoice format

UBL 2.1

Electronic signature

Electronic signature

Not mandatory

Archiving

Archiving

The platform stores electronic invoices for 60 days. Both the sender and receiver are obliged to store their issued and received invoices for at least 10 years. 

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