Characteristics of the electronic invoice in Germany

The German Electronic invoice regulation has been imposed by the European directives and is currently only mandatory in the public sphere. Since Germany is a federal republic, each stare will determine its own invoicing policies.

Tax Authority

Tax Authority

Bundesministerium des Innern (BMI) – Interior Ministry
Federal Administrative level: Bundesministerium des Innern (BMI) –  Interior Ministry.
Federal state level (Länder): Each federal state (Land) assumes its own responsibility.



The management of electronic invoices is only mandatory for public administrations and suppliers of the central government (Bund) and of the Federal State of Bremen. Companies have been able to use the electronic invoice in the B2B environment on a voluntary basis with the consent of a trading partner since 2011.

Invoice Format

Invoice Format

XRechnung y ZUGFeRD 2.1

Digital Signature

Digital Signature

Not mandatory.



10+1 años.

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Common Questions

XRechnung is one of the electronic invoice formats in Germany. It is an XML document adapted to European Union directives.

The ZUGFeRD (Zentraler User Guide des Forum elektronische Rechnung Deutschland), is another format accepted in Germany. It is a hybrid format composed of a PDF A3 with an encrusted XML conforming to the European standard. 

ZRE is the acronym for the  Zentrales Rechnungseingangsportal des Bundes portal which is the reception portal for electronic invoices received from suppliers to the federal government.

Implementation of e-Invoicing around the world

The technical and legal requirements for e-Invoicing are different in each country. If you want to know the details and tax obligations of any particular country, just click on the map or choose a country from the dropdown list.

Related news about e-invoices in Germany

Update on e-Invoicing in the German Federal States

Germany is advancing in the implementation of B2G e-invoicing in each federal state

ORDER X, The new Franco-German Standard for Electronic Orders

The new ORDER-X Standard adds itself to the ZUGFeRD/ Factur-X systems increasing the number of EDI messages defined

Germany Finalizes the Implementation of Electronic Invoicing with the Public Administration

As of November 27th, all suppliers on a federal level must adhere to the electronic invoicing system